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Junctophilin-2 gene therapy rescues heart failure by normalizing RyR2-mediated Ca(2+) release.

BACKGROUND: Junctophilin-2 (JPH2) is the primary structural protein for the coupling of transverse (T)-tubule associated cardiac L-type Ca channels and type-2 ryanodine receptors on the sarcoplasmic reticulum within junctional membrane complexes …

S100A4 protects the myocardium against ischemic stress.

BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction is followed by cardiac dysfunction, cellular death, and ventricular remodeling, including tissue fibrosis. S100A4 protein plays multiple roles in cellular survival, and tissue fibrosis, but the relative role of the …

Hrd1 and ER-Associated Protein Degradation, ERAD, are Critical Elements of the Adaptive ER Stress Response in Cardiac Myocytes.

RATIONALE: Hydroxymethyl glutaryl-coenzyme A reductase degradation protein 1 (Hrd1) is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-transmembrane E3 ubiquitin ligase that has been studied in yeast, where it contributes to ER protein quality control by ER-associated …

Finding the missing link between the unfolded protein response and O-GlcNAcylation in the heart.

The ER stress-inducible transcription factor, x-box binding protein 1 (XBP1), which enhances protein glycosylation in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), was shown to also enhance protein glycosylation outside the ER, via a process called …

Roles for ATF6 and the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum protein quality control system in the heart.

The hypertrophic growth of cardiac myocytes is a highly dynamic process that underlies physiological and pathological adaptation of the heart. Accordingly, a better understanding of the molecular underpinnings of cardiac myocyte hypertrophy is …

PRAS40 prevents development of diabetic cardiomyopathy and improves hepatic insulin sensitivity in obesity.

Diabetes is a multi-organ disease and diabetic cardiomyopathy can result in heart failure, which is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients. In the liver, insulin resistance contributes to hyperglycaemia and hyperlipidaemia, …

Mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 2 protects the heart from ischemic damage.

BACKGROUND: The mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) comprises 2 structurally distinct multiprotein complexes, mTOR complexes 1 and 2 (mTORC1 and mTORC2). Deregulation of mTOR signaling occurs during and contributes to the severity of myocardial …

Classic studies of cultured cardiac myocyte hypertrophy: interview with a transformer.

Pathological hypertrophy amelioration by PRAS40-mediated inhibition of mTORC1.

Mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1), necessary for cellular growth, is regulated by intracellular signaling mediating inhibition of mTORC1 activation. Among mTORC1 regulatory binding partners, the role of Proline Rich AKT Substrate of …

Regulation of cardiac hypertrophic signaling by prolyl isomerase Pin1.

RATIONALE: Cardiac hypertrophy results from the complex interplay of differentially regulated cascades based on the phosphorylation status of involved signaling molecules. Although numerous critical regulatory kinases and phosphatases have been …